The rota virus causes a diarrheal disease that affects almost 100% of children under the age of 5, with most serious effects in children under 2 years. It is transmitted through the fecal-oral route. For example, a child might go to the bathroom and then play with toys that are shared with others.
Symptoms (last from 2-7 days):
- Starts with vomiting
- Diarrhea and fever
- It is given to reduce hospitalization (1 in 20 children visit the emergency)
- The World Health Organization recommends this vaccine in all national immunization programs